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垃圾分类处理背后的科学

2020年05月20日 14:42   来源:十大彩票_十大彩票网投平台【官网】    

十大彩票  《beijingshishenghuolajiguanlitiaoli》yiyu5yue1rizhengshishishi,biaozhizhebeijingshishenghuolajifenleiburulefazhihua、changtaihua、xitonghuadeguidao。neime,lajiruhefenlei?weishenmeyaozheiyangfenlei?fenleihoudelajiyouzenmechuli?zheixiejiandandewentibeihoudouyoukexuedaoli。

  1

  垃圾应该怎样分类

  xianzai,beijingdelajifenleishisifenfa:kehuishouwu、youhailaji、chuyulaji、qitalaji。shanghaidefenleiyeshisifenfa:kehuishouwu、youhailaji、shilaji、ganlaji。zaimingchengshangyousuobutong,danshijishangdazhixiangdang,beijingdechuyulajiheqitalajixiangdangyushanghaideshilajiheganlaji。

十大彩票  lajifenleikansijiandan,beihouyouhenduomendao。yangedefenleibiaozhunyinggaishibuyilourenhexinxi,yebuzhongfurenhexinxi。zheizhongfenleidangranlixiang,danshijishangnanyishixian,yinweiduirenheshiwuhewuzhifenleidoubukenengzuodaobuzhongfu。liru,baokanzhizhangjikeyishikehuishouwu,yekeyishiqitalaji,batamenfenweiqizhongrenheyileiyedouyouliyoubi。guiweikehuishouwu,youliyuwuzhidezaixunhuanliyong,danshichuzhiguochengbijiaomafan,erqiezhanyongdekongjianjiaoda;ruguoguiyuqitalajizedaduoyongyuranshao,suiranranshaodenengyuankeyongyufadian,danyeyouwuranhuanjingzhibi。

  muqianbeijing、shanghaishixingdelajifenleisifenfa,jiyoukexueyiju,youbijiaojianyi,youliyuranggongzhongjieshouheyangchenglajifenleidexiguan,zaizhixingyiduanshijianhou,haikeyidiaozheng。

  congguojishanglaikan,ribenshicong1980niankaishishixinglajifenleihuishoude,rujinbeigongrenweishijieshanglajifenleihuishouzuodezuihaodeguojiazhiyi。ribengedifangzhengfudouyouquanliduilajijinxingfenlei,yibaneryan,ribendelajikefenwei8dalei:di1zhongshikeranlaji,ruchuyulaji、yifu、xiangjiaozhipin、gezhipin、zacaodeng;di2leishibukeranlaji,rucanju、chuju、bolizhipin、dengpao、xiaoxingjiadiandeng;di3leishicudalaji,jiushibijiaodadelaji,ruzixingche、zhuoyi、shafa、weibolu、kaoxiang、gaoerfuqiugandeng;di4leishibukehuishoudelaji,rushuini、zhuanwa、nongju、miehuoqi、feiluntaideng;di5leishisuliaopinglei,ruyinliao、jiangyoudengdesuliaoping;di6leishikehuishousuliaolei,rushangpindesuliaobaozhuangdai、yagaoguan、xifashuipingzideng;di7leishiyouhailaji,rugandianchi,shuiyinshitiwenjideng;di8leishiziyuanlaji,rubaozhizazhi、yingzhixiangdeng。keyikanchu,ribendelajifenleibiaozhunzuodegengxizhi。

  2

  垃圾焚烧需要将厨余垃圾分离

十大彩票  lajifenleidemudeshiweilejikuaiyouhaodichuli(fenjie)laji。

  muqianlajichulideyigezhongyaofangshishifenshao,fenshaochanshengderelianghaikeyiyonglaifadian。ribenshishijieshanglajifenshaochulibilizuidadeguojia,zailajizongchuzhizhongdebiliyuezhan80%,quanguoyoulajifenshaosheshi1103ge,zongfenshaochanneng18.05wandun/ri。2017nian,zairiben1103gelajifenshaoxiangmuzhong,754gexiangmukaifaleyureliyong,zhanbi68%;qizhong376gexiangmuyongyufadian,zhanbi34%。

十大彩票  《zhongguochengzhenshenghuolajifenshaofadianchanyefazhanbaogao(2017)》xianshi,zhongguolajifadianzhuangjirongliangyidadao690wanqianwa,nianfadianliangchaoguo350yiqianwashi,nianlajichuliliangchaoguo1.05yidun,zhanquanguochengzhenlajiqingyunliangde35%yishang。

十大彩票  lajifenshaozuizhongyaodeyigechengxushijiangchuyulaji(shilaji)fenlichulai,suiranchuyulaji(shilaji)yekeyifenshao,danshibuhaoshao。congranliaoyoulielaiqufen,shilajishiliezhidireliangranliao。

  zaimeiyoulajifenleizhiqian,hunhedaliangchuyulaji(shilaji)dehunhelajifenshaofadianxiaolvjiaodi,meidunlajifadian400-450du。danshi,buhanshuifendelajifenshaoxiaolvzuigao,meidunfadiankeda600-800du。yinci,congnengliangzhuanhuanlvlaikan,bachuyulaji(shilaji)fenlichuqushiyizhongbijiaokexuedefangshi。

  3

  “榨干”厨余垃圾的油水

  tongjibiaoming,quanguoshenghuolajizhong,chuyulajizhan50%yishang。chuyulajibaokuoshengcaishengfan,caipiguopi,dongwupimaoneizangdeng,zaihuanjingwenduheweishengwuzuoyongxiarongyifubai、fulan,chulechanshengrangrennanyirenshoudeqiwei(zhuyaoshiliuhuaqing、anqi、jialiuchun、jiaan、jiajiliudeng),haitebierongyizishengwenying。zaidaliangweishengwu、wenzi、cangying、kunchonghexiaodongwudegongtongzuoyongxia,renmendezhengchangshenghuoshoudaoyingxiang,tongshihaihuichuanbojibing,ruxiaohuadaohehuxixitongjibing,weihaijiankang。chuyulajiyeshifeizhouzhuwendezhongyaochuanbotujing。

  jibianchuyulajikeyiyishaoleshi,danshifenshaorongyichanshengerwuying,tongyangwuranhuanjing。fenshaolajidewenduxuyaobaochizai850℃zhishang,cainengbimianerwuyingdechansheng。danchuyulajishuifenjiaoduo,fenshaoshiwenduburongyidadaogaowen,yinerhuichanshengjiaoduodeerwuying。ciwai,hunhechuyulajidelajifenshaohouyehuichanshengjiaoduodecanzha,wei15%-20%,danbubaohanchuyulajidelajifenshaohouzhichanshengyue1.5%-2%decanzha。yincihunhelajifenshaohourubuchuli,yehuiwuranhuanjing。

十大彩票  ruguobachuyulajifenkai,zekeyibatasongdaozaishengziyuanzhongxinjinxingzhuanmenchuli,zaixierushouliaojihou,chuyulajizhongkeliyongdeyoujiwujingguochuli,budao14xiaoshijiuhuizhuanhuachengturangdiaolijichanpin;wushuizhongdeyouzhihuibeitiquhouzuizhongjiagongchengshengwuchaiyou;bukeliyongdebufenzuizhongcaibeiyunsongdaofenshaochangfadian。

  4

  可回收物分类以后才是“宝”

  lajishifangcuoledifangdeziyuan,zheizhuyaoshizhikehuishouwu。

  kehuishouwuzaibeijingheshanghaidelajifenleizhongdoushiyigedalei。kehuishouwudebenzhishiziyuanhuishouzailiyong(huoxunhuanzaizao),xiangduiyulajiyiqi,wuzhihuishoukeyijieshengziyuan、jiangdiwenshiqitipaifang、baohuhuanjing。zaifenleishang,kehuishouwubaohanyibankehuishouwu、dijiazhikehuishouwu,rufeizhizhang、feisuliao、feibolizhipin、feijinshu、feizhiwudeng。

  liyonghuishouzhizaizaozhikeyidadajianshaochucizhijiangguochengzhongdelinmu、shui、dianxiaohaohewuranwupaifang,zhishaokeyijieshengyue60%denengyuanheshui。huishouyidunfeizhinengshengchan800qiankedexianweiyuanliao,zhengjiu17kedashu,tongshijiesheng3lifangmidelajitianmaichangkongjian,jianshao35%deshuiwuran。

十大彩票  jibianshidijiazhihuishouwu,tongyangyunhanlejudadejingjijiazhi。huishou1dunfeiboli,keshengchan2000ge500haoshengboliping;huishou1dunfeigangtie,keshengcheng0.9dunhaogang,jieyue1.6duntiekuangshi;huishou1dunyilaguan,keshengcheng1dungaozhilianglvkuai,keshaocai20dunlvkuangshi。

  5

  有害垃圾数量虽少危害巨大

十大彩票  youhailajisuiranmeiyoukehuishouwuchanshengdecaifuda,danshiduiqihuishouduihuanjing、shengtaidebaohugongjudiyi。

  genju《shenghuolajifenleizhidushishifangan》,youhailajizhuyaobaokuo:feiyingguangdengguan,feidianchi,feiwenduji,feixueyaji,feiyaopinjiqibaozhuangwu,feiyouqi、rongjijiqibaozhuangwu,feishachongji、xiaodujijiqibaozhuangwu,feijiaopianjifeixiangzhideng。

十大彩票  suiranyouhailajideliangshao,danweihaijuda,feijiudianchi、dengguanzhonghanyoudegong、qian、gedengzhongjinshujisuan、jiandengdianjierongyeduihuanjingherendejiankangweihaijida,youqishilaoshiyingguangdengguanzhongdegonghanliangpingjunwei0.5haoke,nengwuran180dundixiashuijizhouweiturang;shuiyubingjiushimanxinggongzhongdudaozhidezuidianxingdehuanjingwuranjibing,zhuyaosunhaishenjingxitong,tongshihuiweijiyunfuhetaier。

十大彩票  duiyuyouhailaji,shijiegeguoyezaiyanfaxianjindejishulaijinxingchuli,shouxianshixiaochuqiyouhaixing,qicishibianhaiweili,zhongxinshiyong。liru,denglizixitongkeyongyuchuligezhongfeiqiwu,youqishinanchulideduozhongchijiuxingyoujiwuranwu。zhongguomuqianyeyongyouleduifeidengguan、feidianchidengdechulijishu。

  yanshenyuedu

  tianmailajizaodi——huafuxiuweishenqi

  tianmailajizaodiyeshiyizhongyouxiaochulilajidefangshi,yixieguojiazuodebijiaohao,ruxinjiapodeng。xinjiapotudiqique,bianbalajichulixiaoduhoujinxingtianhaizaodi,zhumingdeshimagaodaojiushiyigelajitianmaixinzaodedao,weiyuxinjiapobendaonanbuyue8qianmidedifang。

  ribenyezaibabukeranshaodelajijingguoyasuowuhaihuachulihou,tianhaizaodi。dongjingdetaichangyulequyibandetudidoushitongguolajitianhaizaochude。

  meiguoniuyueyezai2001nianguanbiqishijieshangzuidadelajitianmaichangshitandundao,jiangqigaizaochenggongyuan,yujizai2035nianwancheng。

  zuozhe:zhangtiankan


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